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Health and Social Welfare Review

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Health and Social Welfare Review 상세 내용 - 제목, 저자, 페이지, 발행년월, 내용등을 확인하실 수 있습니다.
An Empirical Analysis of Efficiency of Regional Medical Resource
Author Chang, Insu; Kwon, Daeyoung; Kim, Brian H. S. Page 336-369 Date 2017-Dec

In order to propose a method to measure the performance of medical resources, this study empirically analyzed the impact of regional medical resource input on age standardized mortality rate through probability frontier analysis. If prior studies so far focused on the operational efficiency of institutions that use medical resources, this study focused on performance efficiency in the macro perspective. As is already well known, the probability frontier method measures the inefficiency of the analysis object in consideration of the error variation, overcoming the disadvantages of the existing data envelope analysis method. In our empirical analysis, we examined16 metropolitan cities and provinces in Korea for the period 2006-2013, and employed the panel stochastic frontier method and Malmquist Productivity Index Analysis by putting the number of doctors, the number of specialists, the number of beds, the number of operations and the age standardized mortality rate. The result showed that all the medical resources allocated to each region decreased the age-standardized mortality rate. Regional inequality in medical resources distribution should be dealt with in depth from various perspectives. In this respect, the method of applying the stochastic frontier analysis to measure the performance of regional medical resources has the advantage that the inefficiency of each input element can be examined more in depth, and this study is meaningful in this respect. 

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