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Health and Social Welfare Review

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Health and Social Welfare Review 상세 내용 - 제목, 저자, 페이지, 발행년월, 내용등을 확인하실 수 있습니다.
Gender Differences in the Effect of Mutual Spousal Support on Depression in Young-Old Age
Author Nam, Seok In; Kim, Se Jin; Kim, Ho Jeong Page 257-289 Date 2018-Jun

Recently, spousal reciprocity has been  increasingly emphasized as a key component for improved marital relationships in old age. This study classifies the types of support exchanges by older couples and examines the effect of each type of support on depression. We used latent group analysis (LCA) to derive support types for spouses by gender. In addition, basic analysis and multiple regression analysis were conducted to identify the relationship between different types of characteristics and depression. The older males were divided into five types based on their receipt status: (1)interchange, (2)emotional support exchange / receiving instrumental support, (3)receiving instrumental support and care, (4)receiving instrumental support, and (5)giving instrumental support and care. The older females were divided into five types based on their provision status: (1)interchange, (2)instrumental support, (3)unilateral support, (4)emotional support exchange, and (5)emotional support exchange/receiving instrumental support and care. Compared to the interchange type, The older males had more depression when they receive unilateral support. However, The older females were more depression when they provided unilateral support. We suggest that a positive marital relationship depends on appropriate role allocation and reciprocal support by older couples and propose an intervention strategy to improve psychological stability. 

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