This study aimed to review follow-ups after the MERS outbreak and to suggest programs and policies to reinforce infectious disease control systems in government and healthcare organizations. To achieve new and deep insights, this study constructed a forum to gather ideas of various stakeholders and conducted a delphi survey. Findings of this study suggest the establishment of independent system of healthcare to effectively respond the public health emergencies. This study also emphasized the importance of the capacity building of the local governing body itself. To strengthen the capacity of local government, infectious disease care system between healthcare institutions and a dedicated organization for the infectious disease control should be established in local level, as well as public health personnel. Moreover, this study proposed the enhancement of control over healthcare institutions. Central and local governments need to supervise and monitor infectious disease control systems in healthcare institutions. Lastly, this study also highlights the importance of expansion of full-time public health personnel.
This study1) examines the means test and its asset limit that are used for social security benefit determinations in Korea. Many of the current social security programs in Korea, aside from social insurance schemes, decide the eligibility of beneficiaries on the basis of their income and assets (worth). As a result, only individuals and households whose income and assets fall below certain thresholds can receive the benefits and assistance offered by these programs. The higher the income and asset limits, the greater the number of persons benefitting from a given program. In other
words, the income and asset limits determine the coverage, and thus the effectiveness, of the social security system. Income and asset limits are therefore key components of the social security
system. Much has been discussed with respect to the way the income limit is determined in the social security system and if it is determined at an appropriate level. Considerably less has been talked about asset limits. This study explores the asset limits in place in the Korean social security system, and discusses the attendant issues and problems.
By adapting survival analysis on the staying at home of qualified recipients for long-term care, this paper attempts to empirically clarify what factors contribute to staying at home as long as possible. Using the National Health Insurance Service’s Long-Term Care Qualification Longitudinal Survey (2008-2015), this paper analyzed the factors contributing to the initial benefit selection and at-home survival rate. The results of the factor analysis showed that the probability of choosing home care was higher for males, lower age group, having family caregivers. On the other hand, in the case of dementia, the probability of choosing institutional care was high. As a result of the life table analysis, it was found that 13.1% of the initial home care users changed to institutional care, and about 71% of the moves take place between 2 and 4 years. The Cox proportional hazards regression model analysis showed that the likelihood of withdrawal from home care was higher: for women, for older, for those living together, and for those with dementia. On the other hand, good housing conditions contributed to a higher likelihood of staying at home. The results of this analysis show that the patience of family care is about two years, and it provides the following policy implications for aging in place: gender perspective, support for family caregiver, improvement of residential environment, and community support for dementia are needed.
The Global Financial Crisis (GEC) occurred in the summer of 2007, resulting in many countries being plunged into the worst recession since the 1930s. Public sector debt rose from 36.7 to 49.0% of GDP and the current budget deficit from 0.6 to 3.4% of GDP in a single year between 2007/08 and 2008/09 (Lupton et al 2016). Ellison (2016) argues that deficits are ‘normal’ in an historical and comparative sense, and once past the 2009/2010 peak associated with the bank bailouts, the deficit was not dramatically large by historical UK standards, nor unusually large in comparison with other developed economies (p. 30). He presents OECD figures which show that in 2010 the UK debt was some 87 % of GDP compared to (eg) around 47% in Australia and 54% in Denmark and 128% in Greece and 211% in Japan. However, the UK had one of the largest increases in national debt from 2007- 2013 with 222% compared to Spain’s 244%, and had the twentieth largest deficit as a percentage of GDP of some 200 nations. As in many other European Union (EU) nations, early Keynesian responses, often in the direction of welfare state expansion, gave way to austerity measures (Hermann 2014; van Kersbergen et al 2014; Saltkjel et al 2017; Taylor-Gooby et al 2017).
In the UK in 2010 a Labour government was replaced by a Conservative- Liberal Democrat Coalition, which was committed to deficit reduction which was linked more to reduced spending rather than increased taxes. The original aim to remove the deficit in a single parliament (by 2015) (Bochel and Powell 2016), but this date has been delayed many times, and it is far from clear if and when this will be achieved.
The 2015 Election saw a Conservative government with a small majority. As in 2010, the Conservative Manifesto stressed the need to reduce the national deficit and debt, with the period to achieve a budget surplus now given as 2018/19. This meant that total government spending as a share of national income at the end of the next parliament (ie 2020) was forecast to be very slightly higher than in the year 2000 (Bochel and Powell 2016)
The surprising vote to leave the EU in the 2016 Referendum led to the resignation of PM Cameron, who was replaced by former Home Secretary, Theresa May. In 2017, May unexpectedly called a General Election. However, the Conservative Manifesto was arguably the new ‘longest suicide note in history’. The weakest campaign by a PM in living memory, coupled with a Labour revival under Jeremy Corbyn led to a minority Conservative government. The period since the 2017 Election has seen little new in the way of social policy, with the Government becalmed and treading water, with most of its energies focused on ‘Brexit’
Hardly a day has gone by in recent months without alerts for fine air concentrations. In January 2018 alone, a total of 36 alerts were issued nationwide for PM10. The number of alerts issued warning of ultra-fine dust (PM2.5) totaled 81 in the same month, a 68.8 percent increase year-on-year. Furthermore, fine dust concentrations exceeding the Korean daily average air quality standard have been frequently reported lately. After the introduction in 1995 of the Air Quality Standard (50 ug/m3), and a series of subsequent legistaltions, including Special Law on Atomospheric Environmental Imrpovement (2003), First Basic Plan for Atmospheric Environment Regulation, Second Basic Plan for Atmospheric Environment Regulation (2013), the PM10 concentration level has been on the decline, although not without occasional increases. The PM10 level, however, has nevertheless been persistently higher than the 20 micrograms-per-cubic meter recommended by the WHO. When it comes to PM2.5, the concentration level is higher than the Korean Air Quality Standard (25 ug/m3) and as much as 2.6 times higher than the WHO-recommended 10 ug/m3.
[The 3rd Seminar on Social Security for Reunified Korea: The Infant and Child Support Network in North Korea: Its Analysis and Implications]March 19, 2018 - 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.Room 313, KIHASA ProgramPresentation: The Infant and Child Support Network in North Korea: Its Analysis and Implications, Ki Chae MIN, Professor, Korea National University of TransportationDiscussion by Beob Rae NO, Professor, SNU Social Welfare Research Center and Cheol Jong SONG, Assistant Research Fellow, KIHASA
[The 2nd Seminar on Social Security for Reunified Korea]Monday, February 26, 2018 - 3 p.m. to 6 p.m.Room 313, 3rd Floor, The Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs - Presentation I The Current State of Support for North Korean Infants and Children by South Korea and International Society, So Young CHOI, The Medical Center for Reunified Korea, Seoul National University- Presentation II Displaced North Koreans' Use of Medicine, Tae Rim UHM, School of Health, Yonsei University- Discussion by John LEE, College of Medicine, Konyang University, and Cheol Jong SONG, The Korea Institue for Health and Social Affairs