This study aimed to review follow-ups after the MERS outbreak and to suggest programs and policies to reinforce infectious disease control systems in government and healthcare organizations. To achieve new and deep insights, this study constructed a forum to gather ideas of various stakeholders and conducted a delphi survey. Findings of this study suggest the establishment of independent system of healthcare to effectively respond the public health emergencies. This study also emphasized the importance of the capacity building of the local governing body itself. To strengthen the capacity of local government, infectious disease care system between healthcare institutions and a dedicated organization for the infectious disease control should be established in local level, as well as public health personnel. Moreover, this study proposed the enhancement of control over healthcare institutions. Central and local governments need to supervise and monitor infectious disease control systems in healthcare institutions. Lastly, this study also highlights the importance of expansion of full-time public health personnel.
This study1) examines the means test and its asset limit that are used for social security benefit determinations in Korea. Many of the current social security programs in Korea, aside from social insurance schemes, decide the eligibility of beneficiaries on the basis of their income and assets (worth). As a result, only individuals and households whose income and assets fall below certain thresholds can receive the benefits and assistance offered by these programs. The higher the income and asset limits, the greater the number of persons benefitting from a given program. In other
words, the income and asset limits determine the coverage, and thus the effectiveness, of the social security system. Income and asset limits are therefore key components of the social security
system. Much has been discussed with respect to the way the income limit is determined in the social security system and if it is determined at an appropriate level. Considerably less has been talked about asset limits. This study explores the asset limits in place in the Korean social security system, and discusses the attendant issues and problems.
Despite concerns on low fertility, relatively little attention has been paid to long-term demographic consequences of low fertility in South Korea. Using stable population models, this study explores the long term effects of low fertility and population momentum on population decline and population aging. First, South Korea has entered the negative population momentum stage, indicating that, despite an instantaneous rise to the replacement-level fertility, the ultimate population declines due to the current age distribution. Further, stable population simulations show that gradual transitions to the replacement-level fertility causes significant reductions in population size. Second, since population momentum is closely related to aging, South Korea is expected to face severe aging as well as population decline. Given that the stable population models in this study assume constant mortality schedules over time and recent mortality improvement concentrates in old age, future demographic aging would be more severe. Finally, population aging in South Korea is a difficult issue since population aging is simultaneously driven by the shrinking working-age population as well as the rising number of the elderly, indicating that South Korea needs fundamental changes in policy directions beyond population growth paradigm.
Suicide has been recognized as a social phenomenon, an indicator reflecting sensitively socio-political, cultural and economic changes in societies. A striking example of this is the case of Eastern Europe with extremely high suicide rates and widely flutuating trends during the socio-political transition period of the two last decades of the 20th century.
With the expansion in recent years of policies on low fertility and the rising concern over the potential risk of so-called "local population extinction", inter-municipal differentials in fertility have become a subject of increasing social interest. However, the heightened interest in local-level fertility usually stops short at media-led comparisons of total fertility rates in ranking order. Comparisons of such nature seem inappropriate at best, as both the structure and dynamics of population vary across municipalities. Also, there has been a form of pervasive reductionism by which the high fertility rates of some municipalities are attributed to local government's policy support. We attempt in this study to examine the relationship between fertility and the proportion of newlyweds in different areas.
[The 11th Korea Welfare Panel Study Conference]Friday, 14 September 2018 - 12:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.Hoam Faculty Hall Convention Center, Seoul National UniversityCo-organized by the SNU Social Welfare Research Center and KIHASACo-hosted by the Korean Social Security Association, the Korea Association for Social Welfare Studies, the Korean Association of Social Policy, and the Korean Association for Survey Research Program 12:30-13:00 Registration13:00-13:05 Opening Remarks by Jeong Kyung Hee, Vice-President of KIHASA13:05-13:10 Congratulatory Remarks by Kim Yong-ha, Chairman, the Korean Social Security Association13:10-13:20 Award Ceremony for Excellent Research Papers by Graduate Students13:20-13:30 Introduction to the Korea Welfare Panel13:30-13:40 Coffee Break13:40-15:00 Special Lecture by Son Ho Sung on Difference-in-Differences (at Mugungwha Hall)15:00-15:10 Coffee Break 15:10-16:20 Co-Session 1 Moderated by Kim Mee Gon, KIHASA 1. "The 2015 Welfare Reform of the National Basic Livelihood Security System in South Korea - Effects on Income, Consumption, Labor Supply, Savings, and Poverty" by Nam Jae Hyun, Busan University, Park Hyung Jon, KIHASA, 2. "The Impact of Minimum Income on the Household Income of the Working Poor" by Kim Hyung Gyung, KIHASA Co-Session 2 Moderated by Jeong Kyung Hee, KIHASA 1. "The Effects of the Elderly Jobs Program on the Living Standard of Eldelry Households - Focused on Income and Consumption Changes" by Lee Jee Hye, Sung Kyoon Kwan University, Hwang Nam Hee, KIHASA 2. "Generational Comparision of Welfare Attitude" by Yoon Sang Yong, Chung Buk University Co-Session 3 Moderated by Yeo Yoo Jin, KIHASA 1. "Longitudinal Causality between the Middle- to Old Age Groups' Social Relations and Depression" by Choi Eun Young, University of Southern California, Um Sa Rang, Kyung Hee University 2. "Longitudial Relationship between Depresseion, Self-Esteeem, and Subjective Life Satisfaction Perceived by Mothers and Their Children" by Baek Seung Hee, Cheon Hyun Jeong, Lee Jeong Min, Chung Nam University 3. "The Impact of Social Isolation on Cognitive Social Capital from the Perspective of Social Integration" by Hwang Sun Young, Ueo Yoo Kyung, Seoul National University
The 4th International Conference on Poverty in Korea, China, and JapanThe Present and Future of Poverty Policy in Korea, China and Japan September 10th, 2018Mozart Hall, President Hotel, Seoul, KoreaKorea Institute for Health and Social Affairs