Since the early 1970s, the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs has conducted the National Survey on Fertility and Family Health and Welfare every three years. The 2018 Survey was conducted among 11,200 ever-married women aged 15 to 49 and 2,500 never-married men and women aged 20 to 44 residing households in the enumeration districts for 2016 Register-based Censuss (Population and Housing Census). The survey items were focused on behaviors, personal value, and thought regarding marriage, pregnancy, childbirth, child care of different demographic and socioeconomic groups. Key findings are as follows: the attitude toward marriage was negative among single men and, to a greater extent, among single women. Seventeen percent of ever-married women showed indifferent attitude about having a child. Such attitude was more pervasive in single persons: 30 percent for single men and 48 percent for single women. The reasons answered by the ever-married women for wanting no child were “no hope for future society”, “burden for education of child”, “incompatibility between work and life”, etc. The average ideal number of children among married women was 2.16, and the planned number of children was 2.00. However, the average expected number of children was 1.92, and the actual number of children was 1.75. The difference among the average ideal number, expected number, and actual number of children has implications. In conclusion, the results of the survey are expected to be of use not only for academic purposes but also in the implementation, evaluation, and improvement of related policies.
This paper analyzes the effects of continuous participation in the Senior Employment Program on the income, consumption and changes in economic status of senior households, using the data from the 7th wave (2012) through the 12th wave (2017) of the Korea Welfare Panel Study. We find that despite continuous participation in the Senior Employment Program for the past five years, it has not made statistically significant effects on the income and consumption expenditure of the households, with their ordinary income rather reduced to the statistically significant level. We also find in additional analyses that although the continuous participation in the Senior Employment Program has not improved the economic status of senior households, it has lowered the probability of their economic status being deteriorated. In other words, the findings suggest that continued participation in the Senior Employment Program has economic effects, although very limited, on prevention of deteriorated economic status of senior households. The Senior Employment Program pursues various policy goals, however, senior households participate in the program mainly for economic reasons and senior poverty is one of the main social issues. Therefore, it is time to ponder upon the long-term directions of the Senior Employment Program to enhance the economic effects of the program.
Until recently, the Netherlands developed one of the most generous long-term care (LTC) schemes. Under this policy, a large and regulated non-profit sector offered (semi) professionalized employment opportunities. After repreated attempts to reduce public LTC expenditure, since the mid-2000s, the Dutch government implemented a radical reform combining decentralization and budget cuts. This contribution sheds light on how the recent LTC transformations have affected the size and shape of the Dutch LTC workforce. Even though the process is far from concluded, the analysis shows that job losses (at the expenses of, mostly lower skilled, women) were accompanied by the tendency towards the segmentation of the care workforce into a professionalized core and different de-professionalized, informalized segments.
Korea has posted a total fertility rate of 0.98 for 2018, the lowest ever since its government began keeping records in 1970. The total fertility rate, as defined by the UN, is "the average number of children that would be born alive to hypothetical cohort of women if, throughout their reproductive years, the age-specific fertility rates for the specified year remain unchanged."
The 4th Seminar on Social Security for Reunified Korea: Institutional Framework for Children in North Korea--Focusing on the Definition of Child and the Children's Four Basic RightsFriday, 26 April 2019 - 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.Training Hall, Social Survey Center, KIHASA ProgramPresentation: "Institutional Framework for Children in North Korea--Focusing on the Definition of Child and Children's Four Basic Rights," Kim, Mi Joo, Institute of Reunification Studies, Ewha Womans UniversityDisussion: Yoo, Min Sang, National Youth Policy Institute; Song, Chul Jong, KIHASA
The 3rd Inclusive Welfare Forum: The Past and Future of Korea's Social PolicyWednesday, 10 April 2019 - 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.Brahms Hall(19F), President HotelCo-hosted by the Korean Academy of Social Welfare and KIHASA Program09:30-10:00 Registration 10:00-10:20 Opening Remarks - Heung Seek Cho, President, KIHASA Congratulatory Remarks - Neung-hoo Park, Health and Welfare Minister; Wan Sang Han, Chairman, Preparatory Committee for the Centennial of the Republic of Korea Provisional Government; Kyung Ryung Sung, Chairman, National Research Council for Humanities, Economics and Social Sciences; Yong Ik Kim, Chairman, National Health Insurance Corporation 10:20-10:50 Keynote Speech: A Century of Korea's Social Policy - Its Past, Present, and Future - Hong Bong Cha, Chairman, Well-Dying Civil Movement 10:50-12:00 Round Table: A Look on the Past 100 Years and into the Next Ones - Chaired by Heung Seek Cho, President, KIHASA Panel: Shin Kam, Professor, Kyung Book National University Medical School; Sung Joo Kim, Chairman, National Pension Service; Sang Mok Suh, Chairman, Korea Social Welfare Association; Seung Hwan Oh, Chairman, Korea Social Workers Association; Hye Kyung Lee, Chairperson, Korea Women's Foundation; Moo Sung Jeong, Chairman, Korean Academy of Social Welfare 12:00-13:30 Lunch 13:30-15:00 Session I: Evaluation of Social Policy in the Past Century - Chaired by Ki Young Lee, Professor, Pusan National University "Social Changes and Social Policy in the Last Century," Won Kyu Choi, Professor, Jeon Book National University "Korea's Incomel Security System: Evaluation and Limitations," Tae Wan Kim, Research Fellow, KIHASA 15:00-15:30 Coffee Break 15:30-17:00 Session II: The Directions of Social Policy in Reponse to Future Challenges - Chaired by Mi Gon Kim, Senior Research Fellow, KIHASA "Inequality in the 21st Century and the Directions of Social Policy," In Hoe Koo, Professor, Seoul National University "Social Integration on the Korean Peninsula and Social Policy Challenges," Sung Eun Cho, Research Fellow, KIHASA