The health impact assessment in Korea is carried out through the hygiene and public health items within the framework of the environmental impact assessment system. This process is not an analysis of the overall factors affecting health, but rather an assessment of the health of a particular population, focusing on the impact of the development project on the local population on environmental hazards. This study aims to suggest some cases where health impact assessment can contribute to national health policy. The purpose of this study is as follows: Case study of domestic and international health impact assessment; health gap and national health policy analysis; health risk assessment analysis, focusing on dementia; health Impact assessment of dementia-friendly community; presenting future roadmap, infrastructure, and governance for health impact assessment. In chapter 2 of this study, the concept of health impact assessment is summarized through precedent research, cases of domestic health impact assessment pilot project, and cases of overseas health impact assessment institution are presented. Chapter 3 summarizes the items of health determinants, which are the main subjects of health impact assessment, and analyzes the status of health disparities by calculating preventable mortality and avoidable mortality indices. By comparing preventable mortality and avoidable mortality by region, we reviewed areas where there is a need to further support and strengthen health promotion projects. In addition, the current state of health policies are presented. Chapter 4 outlines the procedures for the health impact assessment and reviews priorities. In this study, a risk assessment model using a generalized linear mixture model is presented. This model was applied to dementia, and the results of health risk assessment analysis for dementia by region were presented. In Chapter 5, dementia is considered as a target of health impact assessment, and a health impact assessment method for dementia-friendly community, which is one of the implementation strategies of dementia national responsibility system, is suggested. We provided a policy evaluation tool for dementia-friendly community and presented the policy tasks for dementia-friendly community. Finally, in the conclusion section, we set up policy issues and roadmap for future health impact assessment.
The National Survey on Fertility, Family Health and Welfare (NSFFHW) has been conducted since 1960, and it asks the marital status, pregnancy and childbirth histories, and childcare behaviors of Korean women of childbearing age (15 to 49) and the marriage- and childbirth-related behaviors and attitudes of unmarried men and women aged 20 to 44 across Korea. 2018 NSFFHW, which was conducted for the 24th time in 2018, is also identified as Official Statistics Survey No. 331001.
The survey results demonstrate that married women increasingly perceive having and raising children as burdensome. Specifically, the financial burdens of raising and educating children and the challenges of maintaining work-life balance are the major factors significantly inhibiting childbirth. Greater efforts should be made to establish a culture in which it is safe to have and raise children, individuals’ choices are respected, gender roles are more equal, and families are respected and protected.
In Korea, climate change and high temperatures have a significant impact on health and society as a whole. We aimed to provide a meta- analysis of epidemiologic evidence regarding high temperature- related mortality in Korea. The pooled results suggest that for a change in temperature condition, the risk of total mortality increased 5% (95% CI: 3-6%) for 1℃ increase, 8% (95% CI: 2-14%) for heatwave exposure. However, it was difficult to identify differences in risk of mortality by gender, age, region and cause of death due to high temperatures and to assess the impact of heatwave on mortality under different heatwave definitions. Nevertheless, it was possible to ensure that the risk of mortality over 75 was higher than that under 75 for heatwave exposure. High temperatures were also associated with increased risk of death for cardiovascular disease and respiratory diseases. It is necessary to define groups that are sensitive to high temperatures and to identify the magnitude of their impact in the future, and to provide in-depth studies of the temperature threshold that the country and the community should respond to.
Independent mental health advocacy is emerging as a way of protecting and promoting the rights of people subject to mental health legislation. The existence of mental health legislation is controversial because it places limits on individual autonomy. The introduction of IMHA to protect rights in this context, however, represents a move towards supported decision-making, in line with the United Nations Convention of the Rights of Disabled People. Advocacy has its roots in the service user movement and survivor activism and its incorporation into law is a relatively new development. This article considers on the evolution of IMHA and the experience of IMHA to date, to reflect on the achievements and limitations of IMHA and the implications for future development.
The 7th Asian Social Policy Forum: Social Protection for Older Adults in Korea and ChinaMonday, 23 September 2019 - 2:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.Mozart Hall, President Hotel, Seoul, KoreaOrganized by KIHASA Program 13:30-14:00 Registration 14:00-14:10 Opening Remarks: Kyunghee Chung, Vice President of KIHASA 14:10-15:40 Session I - Moderated by Duk Sunwoo, Professor, Sungkyul University Presentation 1: "ICT-based Elderly Care Services in Korea," Bo-Hye Joo, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA Presentation 2: "The Exploration and Practice of the 'Embedded' Aged Care Service Model in Chinese Communities," Xu Yamin, Division Director, PRCMCA Presentation 3: "The Development of an 'Internet-Plus' Elderly Care Model in China," Han Peikun, Senior Researcher, PRCMCA Discussion: Min-Suk Yoon, Research Fellow, The Seoul Institute; Young-Sun Kim, Professor, Kyunghee University 15:40-16:00 Coffee Break 16:00-17:30 Session II - Moderated by Duk Sungwoo, Professor, Sunkyul University Presentation 1: "Current Issues and Challenges of Elderly Care Policy in Korea," Eunna Kang, Research Fellow, KIHASA Presentation 2: "Analysis of the Day Care Model for the Aged in Urban China," Zheng Ziqing, Senior Researcher, PRCMCA Presentation 3: "Measures and Effectiveness of Promoting the Development of Old-age Care and Industry in Guanxi," Xu Xinfa, Division Director, Guangxi Provincial Department of Civial Affairs, Guangxi Province, China Discussion: Dong-min Seo, Professor, Baekseok University; Yong-ho Chon, Professor, Incheon National University 17:30-18:00 Wrap-up Discussion
Thursday, 26 September 2019 - 10:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.Hoam Faculty Convention Center, Seoul National UniversityCo-hosted by SNU Social Welfare Research Center and KIHASA Topics for Competition - Using the Korea Welfare Panel data dating from 2006 to 2018, you are to write a paper on one of the following topics: sampling; poverty and income; housing and consumption; health and health care; social insurance; public aid and self-support; child, disabled, elderly, family, women welfare; welfare awareness; life satisfaction; mental health; etc. Qualifications for Competition- Researchers, graduate school students- Contribution fee will be paid to the authors of papers selected for presentation at the competition. Graduate Students Paper Competition Award- KRW 2 million for the 1st place, KRW 1 million for the 2nd place, and KRW 0.5 million for the 3rd place- Award ceremony will take place after paper presentations.