The death is the experience and event which anybody should suffer at end of his/her life. Death may be considered to be one of the portals which everybody should go through at the end of his/her life. But, the processes, or the journey to the moment of death and the experience during the journey vary for everyone. Therefore, the good death cannot be accomplished only with the good experience at the time of death but shall include all experiences obtained during the journey to the moment of death. A lot of researches made on what is good death show that the good death is essentially the “humane” death. It is consistent with the patient’s hope of living up to the moment of death at his/her own will. It means that the good death can be made only when the human rights and self decision-making right are respected so that a patient can be treated humanely as a human until the last moment. The policies related to the good death in Korea include the systems related to the ‘hospice-palliative care’ and ‘decision on life-sustaining treatment’. These two policies get more prevalent after Act on Decisions on Life-sustaining Treatment for Patients in Hospice and Palliative care of at the End of Life was recently enacted and implemented. Although this Act has the meaning in that it keeps the quality of life maintained to the maximum until the end of the human life and that it ensures the patient’s self decision on the life-sustaining treatment, it needs some improvements. Currently, the hospice-palliative care is mainly implemented at the medical institutions and focus on a few weeks or months at the end of one’s life. If the policy goal is to help the patient or his/her guardian experience the patient’s good death, the policy shall not be limited just to a few weeks or months up to the moment of death. More advanced approach is required. Earlier interference shall be made to improve the quality of the life for the patient’s remaining life so that the action can be consistent with the original concept of palliative care. In addition, the hospice care which has focused on the medical institutions up to now shall be expanded to include not only the home-based hospice care but also the care at long-term facilities. The laws which were enacted to ensure the patient’s self decision-making right up to the last moment were found to have problems when they took effective. They include the complicity of the procedure, lack of professionalism in the related medical institutions, lack of understanding by service provider and users and others. The most skeptical one is whether these laws can ensure the patient’s self decision-making rights. To ensure the patient to get his/her own decision-making right over medical treatment up to the last moment of life, the right shall be guaranteed not only to the care performed at the end of life but also to the general scope of treatments. As shown in the cases of US, Australia and Taiwan, which had enacted the related laws prior to Korea, they all started with “natural death act” but became to expand the scope to include “Patient decision act”. Accordingly, when the revision of the law is discussed, the revision shall be made not just for several provisions but include the revision of the expanded laws. If the improvement of the medical system is made in this direction, it can be expected that the experience of patient and guardian are improved and at the same time, the national medical expenses related to the death are reduced
The purpose of this study is to analyze and determine the income-redistributing effects of income support policy programs for households with children in Korea. To this end, we analyzed the raw data of the Korean Welfare Panel Surveys and identified the redistribution effects of four specific income support programs for households with children: The Childcare Service Voucher (CSV), Home Care Allowance (HCA), Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit (CTC).
Our analysis reveals that the CSV has been most effective in reducing inequality. The relative extents of the inequality-reducing effects of individual programs likely reflect the scopes of those programs. Together with these findings, academic and policy implications are discussed.
The goal of this study is to explore aging anxiety, self-neglecting behaviors, levels of family and social support among elders living in urban and rural communities, and to investigate the moderating effects of family and social support on the relationship between aging anxiety and self-neglecting behaviors. Survey data of 837 elders living in urban areas and 322 elders living in rural areas, collected by the Aging Society and Social Capital Research Center in 2018, was analyzed. χ2 tests and t-tests were used to examine group differences on the levels of aging anxiety, self-neglecting behaviors, and family and social support. The moderating effects of family and social support were tested by multiple regression analyses for each group of urban and rural older adults. The results showed that there was a group difference on the levels of aging anxiety, and that the higher degree of aging anxiety for all the elders in both groups, the lower degree of self-neglecting behaviors. The moderating effects of family and social support were only found among older adults living in rural areas. The significance of this study is to show how urban and rural older adults use family and social support in order to cope with anxiety and stress related to aging issues and to prevent self-neglecting behaviors.
The 23rd Global Social Security Forum: The Challenges and Role of Poverty Policy: Brazil and the UK's Experience in Focus11 December 2019 - 1:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.Brahams Hall(19th Floor), Hotel President, SeoulHosted by Sejong Welfare Foundation and the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs Program 13:00-13:20 Registration 13:20-14:00 Presentation: Poverty and Anti-Poverty Policy in the UK, David Gordon, Professor, University of Bristol 14:00-14:30 Presentation: The Impact of Universal Credit on the Debts of the Poor in the UK, Rod Hick, Professor, Cardiff University 14:30-15:00 Discussion Moderator: Moon Jin-Young, Professor, Sogang University Discussants: Kim, Ki-tae, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA; Jung Yun-Tae, Senior Research Fellow, Sejong Welfare Foundation; Choi Young Jun, Professor, Yonsei University 15:00-15:30 Coffee Break 15:30-16:00 Presentation: Brizilian Poverty Policy, Ana Paula Matias, Directory Technical Advisor, National Secretariat for the Promotion of Human Development 16:00-16:30 Presentation: Social Protection and Family Benefit in Brazil, Joana Mostafa, Research Specialist, Institute for Applied Economic Research of the Federal Government of Brazil 16:30-17:00 Presentation: History of Social Security in Brazil, Martene Santos, Professor, University of Brasilia 17:00-17:30 Discussion Moderator: Lee Chang Gon, President, Hankyoreh Economy & Society Research Institute Discussants: Kwak Yoonkyung, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA; Won Il, Research Fellow, Sejong Weflare Foundation; Lee Jeong-Hee, Research Fellow, Korea Labor Institute
The 5th Inclusive Welfare Forum: Income Distribution Trends and the Challenges Facing the Inclusive StateNoori Ballroom II(6th Floor), Four Seasons Hotel, SeoulHoted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs Program 10:00-10:30 Registration 10:30-12:00 Morning Session Moderator: Nam Chan Seop, Vice Chair, Korea Association of Social Welfare Policy Presentation: Income Distribution Trends in Japan and Their Implications for Korea, Lee Kang Kuk, Professor, Ritsumeikan University Presentation: Income Distribution Trends and the Directions of Redistribution Policy, Choo Byung Ki, Professor, Seoul National University Discussants: Lee Seung Yoon, Professor, Ewha Womans University; Lee Won Jin, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA; Choi Yoo Seok, Professor, Hallim University 12:00-13:30 Lunch 13:30-14:00 Opening Remarks: Cho Heung-seek, President, KIHASA Congratulatory Remarks: Park Neung-hoo, Minister of Health and Welfare; Kim Yeon Myung, Chief Social Policy Advisor, Office of the President 14:00-14:50 Keynote Speech Conditions for Sustainable Inclusive Policy: the Nordic Model, Choi Yeon Hyuk, Professor, Linnaeus University, Sweden 14:50-15:10 Coffee Break 15:10-16:40 Afternoon Session Moderator: Seok Jae Eun, Chair, Korea Association of Social Welfare Policy Presentation: Inequality in the UK: the Limitations of the Selective Welfare State, Jeong Hee Jeong, Kent University, UK Presentation: Diagnosing Innovative Inclusive State: the Future Direction of Social Policy , Choi Young Joon, Yonsei University Discussants: Choi Han Soo, Professor, Kyungbook National University; Kim Ki Tae, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA, Kim Jin Wook, Professor, Seogang University 16:40-16:50Coffee Break 16:50-18:00Wrap-up Discussion