Research Monographs

The 2018 National Survey on Fertility and Family Health and Welfare

The 2018 National Survey on Fertility and Family Health and Welfare

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    Lee, So-Young

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Since the early 1970s, the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs has conducted the National Survey on Fertility and Family Health and Welfare every three years. The 2018 Survey was conducted among 11,200 ever-married women aged 15 to 49 and 2,500 never-married men and women aged 20 to 44 residing households in the enumeration districts for 2016 Register-based Censuss (Population and Housing Census). The survey items were focused on behaviors, personal value, and thought regarding marriage, pregnancy, childbirth, child care of different demographic and socioeconomic groups. Key findings are as follows: the attitude toward marriage was negative among single men and, to a greater extent, among single women. Seventeen percent of ever-married women showed indifferent attitude about having a child. Such attitude was more pervasive in single persons: 30 percent for single men and 48 percent for single women. The reasons answered by the ever-married women for wanting no child were “no hope for future society”, “burden for education of child”, “incompatibility between work and life”, etc. The average ideal number of children among married women was 2.16, and the planned number of children was 2.00. However, the average expected number of children was 1.92, and the actual number of children was 1.75. The difference among the average ideal number, expected number, and actual number of children has implications. In conclusion, the results of the survey are expected to be of use not only for academic purposes but also in the implementation, evaluation, and improvement of related policies. 


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