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Policy Paper

East Asian Social Survey and an International Comparative Study: Culture and Globalization
Attach Author Lee Sang Lim Date 2020/01/15
Summary

 

Contents

Ⅰ. Introduction  1

 

   1. Research Background and Purpose 3 

   2. Survey Design 7
     1) Organization of the EASS 7
     2) EASS in 2008 and 2018 7

 

Ⅱ. East Asian Culture's Uniqueness and Universality: Based on Values and Religions  11

 

  1. East Asian Culture's Potential 13 

  2. East Asia's Values and Religions: Universality 15
     1) The Position of East Asia in Cultural Circles of the Worlds 15
     2) The Problems of Confucianism 19
       a. The Functions of Confucianism in the Confucian Culture Block: Hierarchization and Organization 19
       b. The Desire Control System 22
       c. The Problems inherent in Being Explained as a 'Confucian Culture Block' 25 

     3) Other Aspects 26
       a. The Influences of Buddhism, Taoism, and Animism 26
       b. The Concept of Nation 27 

  3. Values and Religions in East Asia: Uniqueness 28
     1) The Problems of Confucianism 28
       a. The Intensity of Confucianism's Influence 28
       b. The Problems Related to Familism 31
     2) Other Religions and Folk Beliefs 33 

  4. Chapter Conclusion 

 

Ⅲ. The Globalization, Migration, and Culture of East Asia 39

 

  1. Introduction 41
  2. Globalization and Migration: Physical Contact by Population Migration 43
     1) Migration and Cultural Change 43
       a. The Advent of Multicultural Society 43
       b. The Emergence of Multiculturalism 44
     2) Criticism and Hatred of Multiculturalism 47
       a. The Crisis of Multiculturalism 47
       b. Increasing Hatred and Neo-Racism 49
  3. Globalization and the Media: Contact through Capital and the Media 52
     1. Cultural Imperialism and Mixed Culture 52
     2. East Asia's Cultural Contact and Internet Nationalism 55
  4. World Citizenship and Cultural Diversity 57
     1. World Citizenship 58
     2. Cultural Diversity and Social Inclusion 60
  5. Chapter Conclusion 62

 

Ⅳ. Koreans' Values about and Culture of Families, Affiliations and Traditional Beliefs 65

 

  1. The Influence of Values and Culture 67
  2. Questions on Values by Category and the Method of Analysis 69
     1) Values about Family 69
     2) Values about Affiliations 70
     3) Values about Traditional Beliefs 71
  3. The Chracteristics of and Changes in Values about Family 72
     1) Perceptions about Patriarchy 72
     2) Family First Attitude 77
  4. The Characteristics of and Changes in Affiliations 83
     1) Compliance to Affiliations 84
     2. My Affiliation First Attitude 86
     3. Attitudes towards Hierarchy 90
  5. Values about Traditional Beliefs 95
  6. Policy Implications 99

 

Ⅴ. Cultural Exchange and Globalization  103

 

  1. Research Background and Purpose 105
  2. Data Analysis Results 107
     1) The Use of Media Contents 107
       a. Japanese Animations 108
       b. Chinese Films 109
       c. Korean Dramas 111
     2) International Affairs 112
       a. Interest in International Affairs 112
       b. The Media through which to contact International News 114
     3) English Proficiency 123
       a. General Proficiency 123
       b. Reading Comprehension 127
       c. Speaking Skill 128
       d. Writing Skill 129
     4) Education and Training in Foreign Countries 130 

  3. Chapter Conclusion 132
     1) Globalization as Seen in Korean Society 132
     2) Policy Recommendations 133

 

Ⅵ. Migration and the Spread of Culture 135

 

  1. Introduction 137
     1) Identifying Problems 137
     2) Analysis Variables Explained and Response Adjustment 139
  2. Main Results 141
     1) Cultural Exposure Experience and Cultural Contacts 141
       a. Cultural Exposure Experiences Looked at through Travel Expriences 141
       b. Cultural Contacts Examined with Whether or Not There Are Foreign Acquaintances 142
     2) Level of Acceptance of Foreigners by Their Status 144
     3) Optimal Number of Foreigners in Korea 149
     4) Nationalistic Views 153
     5. Views on the Impact of Globalization 157
  3. Chapter Conclusion and Policy Implications 161

 

Ⅶ. Conclusion 165

 

References 171 

 

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