This study aimed to review follow-ups after the MERS outbreak and to suggest programs and policies to reinforce infectious disease control systems in government and healthcare organizations. To achieve new and deep insights, this study constructed a forum to gather ideas of various stakeholders and conducted a delphi survey. Findings of this study suggest the establishment of independent system of healthcare to effectively respond the public health emergencies. This study also emphasized the importance of the capacity building of the local governing body itself. To strengthen the capacity of local government, infectious disease care system between healthcare institutions and a dedicated organization for the infectious disease control should be established in local level, as well as public health personnel. Moreover, this study proposed the enhancement of control over healthcare institutions. Central and local governments need to supervise and monitor infectious disease control systems in healthcare institutions. Lastly, this study also highlights the importance of expansion of full-time public health personnel.
This study1) examines the means test and its asset limit that are used for social security benefit determinations in Korea. Many of the current social security programs in Korea, aside from social insurance schemes, decide the eligibility of beneficiaries on the basis of their income and assets (worth). As a result, only individuals and households whose income and assets fall below certain thresholds can receive the benefits and assistance offered by these programs. The higher the income and asset limits, the greater the number of persons benefitting from a given program. In other
words, the income and asset limits determine the coverage, and thus the effectiveness, of the social security system. Income and asset limits are therefore key components of the social security
system. Much has been discussed with respect to the way the income limit is determined in the social security system and if it is determined at an appropriate level. Considerably less has been talked about asset limits. This study explores the asset limits in place in the Korean social security system, and discusses the attendant issues and problems.
This study was aimed to evaluate the current dementia care system and suggest the policy considerations in the perspective of the welfare policy for the elderly. This study used the policy analysis framework of Gilbert & Specht (1974) and Gilbert & Terrell (2013) and identified 4 major criteria such as ① allocation, ② benefit, ③ delivery, ④ finance. The current dementia care system had various limitations such as the largest blind spots of the policy target population, inadequate client-tailored services, deficiency of the direct services supporting the families, poor access to health and welfare services. The efforts to improve the dementia care system should involve enhancing the early detection programmes of hidden patients in the community, reinforcing the tailored outreach case management services, strengthening the linkage between health and welfare deliverly system, expanding of at-home support to reduce the burden of family caregivers, and enhancing the financial sustainability of the social insurance systems.
Mental disorders are the key to deaths from suicide and thus to suicide prevention as well. In Finland, a northern European country with 5.5 million inhabitants, the suicide mortality has been decreasing clearly since 1990. During the years of 1986 to 1996, a national suicde prevention project was conducted. A decrease in suicide mortality coincided with the planning of strategy together with the implementation of the original data-based recommendations for suicide prevention. A lesson we learned was that enhancement of professional cooperation across administrative sectors to ensure care continuity was essential for suicide prevention to succeed. Deaths from suicide can be prevented with the will of society and its well-organized services.
Hardly a day has gone by in recent months without alerts for fine air concentrations. In January 2018 alone, a total of 36 alerts were issued nationwide for PM10. The number of alerts issued warning of ultra-fine dust (PM2.5) totaled 81 in the same month, a 68.8 percent increase year-on-year. Furthermore, fine dust concentrations exceeding the Korean daily average air quality standard have been frequently reported lately. After the introduction in 1995 of the Air Quality Standard (50 ug/m3), and a series of subsequent legistaltions, including Special Law on Atomospheric Environmental Imrpovement (2003), First Basic Plan for Atmospheric Environment Regulation, Second Basic Plan for Atmospheric Environment Regulation (2013), the PM10 concentration level has been on the decline, although not without occasional increases. The PM10 level, however, has nevertheless been persistently higher than the 20 micrograms-per-cubic meter recommended by the WHO. When it comes to PM2.5, the concentration level is higher than the Korean Air Quality Standard (25 ug/m3) and as much as 2.6 times higher than the WHO-recommended 10 ug/m3.
[The 4th Seminar on Social Security for Reunified Korea: Socioethical Foundations for a Peaceful Welfare State]Monday, April 30, 2018 - 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.Room 313, KIHASA ProgramPresentation: "Socioethical Foundations for a Peaceful Welfare State," Hwang Kyu Seong, Korea Labor InstituteDesignated Discussion: Han Joon Sung, Hanyang University Peace Institute; Yeo Yujin, KIHASA
[The 7th Sejong Reunification Forum: National Policy Research Institutes' Future Research Directions in North-South Exchanges and North Korea]Wednesday, April 18 - 3 p.m. to 6 p.m.Grand Conference Room Sejong(Room 518), 5th Floor, KIHASA Hosted by the National Research Council for Economics, Humanities and Social Sciences, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements, Korea Institute for Industrial Economics & Trade, Korea Institute for National Unification, Korea Trnasport Institute, Korea Labor Institute, Korea Legislation Research Institute, Korea Institute of Public Finance, and Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education & Training Program15:00-15:30 Opening Remarks, Cho Heung-seek, President, KIHASA15:30-16:30 Presentation on Health and Welfare Systems in North and South Korea and Collaborations between the Two: Focused on Health Care, Song Cheol Jong, KIHASA Presentation on The Current State of Labor Force in North Korea, Oh Sang Bong, KLI Designated Discussion by Lee Yo Han, Konyang University and Chang In Sook, Korea Hana Foundation16:50-17:50 Presentation on Balanced Development and Drawing a New Economic Map for the Korean Peninsula, Kang Min Jo, KRIHS Presentation on North Korea's Trade System, Choi Chang Ho, Korea Institute for International Economic Policy Designated Discussion by Park Hoon Min, Korea Legislation Research Institute, Ko Joon Sung, Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade