As localization progresses, the difference in administrative and financial capacity of the local government is making different conditions. In this study, the welfare disparity between the regions was analyzed by using administrative data related in the community level and administrative data of local government social service investment project. From 2008 to 2017, welfare indicators such as welfare expenditure were used to analyze welfare inequality and trend. This study examines the unequal distribution of welfare benefits in the elderly. In order to analyze domestic and international cases, we examined the level of regional disparities in Gyeonggi-do province in Korea and Northern European countries, such as Finland and Sweden focusing on the policy efforts to solve them. Regional differences arise from various factors such as regional conditions, especially economic, financial, population size, and financial capacities of local government, but it is necessary to approach regional disparities in terms of efficiency, economics, or inequality. In order to solve this problem, policy design considering regional characteristics is needed rather than standardized welfare administration model. In order to improve the provision of social services, inter-municipal linkages and cooperative approaches are also needed. In addition, financial support and number of civil servants for rural unserved areas of the delivery system conditions through the establishment of special social security support regions as stipulated in the Social Security Act is needed. First of all, it is necessary to systematically manage regional social security indicators that can continuously monitor and analyze the regional welfare disparity level.
Increasing attention has been paid to the evaluation of the effectiveness of population policies. However, due to the lack of a general framework on the macro-micro level linkage of fertility and its determinants, our knowledge of the relationship between policy intervention and fertility remains limited. A sound knowledge of the relationship between fertility and its determinants can offer a solid basis for effective policy prevention. Based on a general framework on the relationship between macro-micro fertility phenomena, this study critically reviews methodological issues in prior research and future directions on the research on the effectiveness of population policies.
In Korea, climate change and high temperatures have a significant impact on health and society as a whole. We aimed to provide a meta- analysis of epidemiologic evidence regarding high temperature- related mortality in Korea. The pooled results suggest that for a change in temperature condition, the risk of total mortality increased 5% (95% CI: 3-6%) for 1℃ increase, 8% (95% CI: 2-14%) for heatwave exposure. However, it was difficult to identify differences in risk of mortality by gender, age, region and cause of death due to high temperatures and to assess the impact of heatwave on mortality under different heatwave definitions. Nevertheless, it was possible to ensure that the risk of mortality over 75 was higher than that under 75 for heatwave exposure. High temperatures were also associated with increased risk of death for cardiovascular disease and respiratory diseases. It is necessary to define groups that are sensitive to high temperatures and to identify the magnitude of their impact in the future, and to provide in-depth studies of the temperature threshold that the country and the community should respond to.
Until recently, the Netherlands developed one of the most generous long-term care (LTC) schemes. Under this policy, a large and regulated non-profit sector offered (semi) professionalized employment opportunities. After repreated attempts to reduce public LTC expenditure, since the mid-2000s, the Dutch government implemented a radical reform combining decentralization and budget cuts. This contribution sheds light on how the recent LTC transformations have affected the size and shape of the Dutch LTC workforce. Even though the process is far from concluded, the analysis shows that job losses (at the expenses of, mostly lower skilled, women) were accompanied by the tendency towards the segmentation of the care workforce into a professionalized core and different de-professionalized, informalized segments.
The year 2018 may be remembered as a mixed bag when it comes to income. It was the year that Korea became the 7th country in the world to have a population of over 50 million and a per capita income of more than USD 30,000.
The 2nd Population Forum 2019: Grasping the Demographic PhenomenaThursday, 25 July 2019 - 10:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.El House Hall(8 F), Eltower, SeoulOrganized by KIHASA Program 09:30-10:00 Registration 10:00-11:50 Session I - Moderator: Sung Ho Cho, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA Presentation 1: "The 2018 National Fertility, Family Health & Welfare Survey: Main Results" - Soyoung Lee, Head, Center for Research on Low Fertility, KIHASA Presentation 2: "Interrelationship of Abuse Experiences at Different Stages in the Life Cycle" - Jeong Hee Ryu, Head, Center for Child Welfare Research, KIHASA Presentation 3: "The Economic Value and Productivity of the Economic Activities of Persons in Mid- and Old Age" - Nam Hee Hwang, Research Fellow, KIHASA Discussants: Hyung Sik Kim, Professor of Sociology, Kyung Hee University; Ik Joong Jeong, Professor of Social Welfare, Ewha Womans University; Tae Hee Kwon, Associate Research Fellow, Korea Employment Information Service 11:50-12:00 Wrap-Up Discussion 12:00-13:30 Lunch 13:30-13:50 Opening Ceremony Opening Remarks - Heung-Seek Cho, President, KIHASA Congratulatory Remarks - Neung Hoo Park, Minister of Health and Welfare; Sang Hee Kim, Vice-Chairperson, Low Fertility and Aging Society Committee 13:50-14:20 Keynote Speech - Kwang Hee Jeon, Professor of Sociology, Choong Nam University 14:20-15:10 Session II - Declining Population and the Future Outlook Presentation: "The Pros and Cons of Declining Population for Korea's Future" - Jae Un Yoo, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA Discussion on the Voting Results on the Pros and Cons of Declining Population - which is to take place right after the presentation 15:10-15:30 Coffee Break 15:30-17:30 Round-Table Talks with Experts: Grasping Population Phenomena Moderator: Jin Ho Choi, Honorary Professor of Sociology, Ajou University Presentations: Kwang Hee Jeon, Professor of Sociology, Choong Nam University; Ki Heon Kim, Senior Research Fellow, Korea Youth Policy Institute; Da Young Song, Professor of Social Welfare, Inchoen University; Ekwon Jang, Professor of Ewha Womans University; Seong Hee Min, Research Fellow, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements; Chul Hee Lee, Professor of Economics, Seoul National University 2nd Voting on the Pros and Cons of Declining Population for Korea's Future Wrap-Up Discussion 17:30-17:40 Closing Ceremony
The 6th Seminar on Social Security for Reunified Korea: In Search of a New Approach to the Study of North Korea's Health and WelfareThursday, July 4 - 1:50 p.m. to July 5 - 12:00 p.m.Ensol Room, Lotte Resort, Puyeo Program Thursday, July 4 - 1:50 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. Methodology Seminar 1: "A Basic Approach and Its Alternatives to Projecting North Korea's Population," Hye Kyung Woo, Kongju UniversityMethodology Seminar 2: "Analysis of North Korea's Qualitative Data: A Case Study of Rodong Daily," Beob Rae No, Semyung University Friday, July 5 - 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Round Table: In Search of a New Approach to the Study of North Korea's Health and Welfare Ki Chae Min, Korea National University of Transportation; Hye Jin Ko, KIHASA; Ji Woong Jeong, Baejae University; Kyung Hoon Han, Seoul National University