This study aimed to review follow-ups after the MERS outbreak and to suggest programs and policies to reinforce infectious disease control systems in government and healthcare organizations. To achieve new and deep insights, this study constructed a forum to gather ideas of various stakeholders and conducted a delphi survey. Findings of this study suggest the establishment of independent system of healthcare to effectively respond the public health emergencies. This study also emphasized the importance of the capacity building of the local governing body itself. To strengthen the capacity of local government, infectious disease care system between healthcare institutions and a dedicated organization for the infectious disease control should be established in local level, as well as public health personnel. Moreover, this study proposed the enhancement of control over healthcare institutions. Central and local governments need to supervise and monitor infectious disease control systems in healthcare institutions. Lastly, this study also highlights the importance of expansion of full-time public health personnel.
With the “Fourth Industrial Revolution” emerging as a central keyword in the Korean economy and industry, big data analysis has become a major concern of policymakers in South Korea, as they strive to design data-driven policies and better public services appropriate to citizens’ needs. Based on a growing database of administrative and spatial data, Korean policymakers are also exploring the need to identify the spatial distribution of policy targets and infrastructure and the ways in which location-based analyses and predictions can be used to promote policy ends. In line with these trends, this study develops a database on local-level administrative and spatial data and analyzes it using the latest techniques in statistics with a view to establishing an advanced basis for data-driven policymaking on welfare. Specifically, this study determines the changes in spatial distribution of policy targets and infrastructure caused by changes in the policymaking environment, and simulates and predicts how best to expand and locate additional welfare resources in response to the spatial distribution of demand. The childcare service infrastructure in Korea, which forms the central subject of this study, is in need of more refined and accurate analysis on access and distribution due to the growing supply-demand imbalance in childcare services and changes in the policy environment. The accessibility of childcare facilities, such as daycares, is the first and foremost criterion parents consider in choosing, and should therefore be considered in
the development and implementation of plans on increasing different types of childcare facilities in the future. Despite these needs, much of the literature on the supply of childcare facilities has so far focused on the number of facilities of different types available at the municipal level (city-, county-, and district-wide) and their capacities. Few studies have ever addressed the importance of accessibility. Aware of this deficiency in the existing literature, this study establishes its own database combining diverse types of available public data, and analyzes and assesses childcare services and infrastructure in terms of accessibility. This study also predicts the likely changes in accessibility of the childcare service infrastructure resulting from the creation of additional facilities, and explores the policy implications of accessibility-based clustering of those facilities. In particular, this study uses diverse accessibility indicators, analyzes and assesses how an increase in the number of national and public childcare facilities can improve accessibility, simulates changes in accessibility of these services by simulating various locations at which new facilities could be located, and performs clustering analyses on the accessibility of childcare infrastructure for each region or municipality. The objective is to provide an empirical basis upon which the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) and local governments can base their plans for expanding the childcare infrastructure. The findings and policy suggestions provided by this study can
also be cited as examples of data-driven policymaking on expanding the national and public infrastructure for childcare, emphasized by the recently-elected Moon Jae-in administration.
By adapting survival analysis on the staying at home of qualified recipients for long-term care, this paper attempts to empirically clarify what factors contribute to staying at home as long as possible. Using the National Health Insurance Service’s Long-Term Care Qualification Longitudinal Survey (2008-2015), this paper analyzed the factors contributing to the initial benefit selection and at-home survival rate. The results of the factor analysis showed that the probability of choosing home care was higher for males, lower age group, having family caregivers. On the other hand, in the case of dementia, the probability of choosing institutional care was high. As a result of the life table analysis, it was found that 13.1% of the initial home care users changed to institutional care, and about 71% of the moves take place between 2 and 4 years. The Cox proportional hazards regression model analysis showed that the likelihood of withdrawal from home care was higher: for women, for older, for those living together, and for those with dementia. On the other hand, good housing conditions contributed to a higher likelihood of staying at home. The results of this analysis show that the patience of family care is about two years, and it provides the following policy implications for aging in place: gender perspective, support for family caregiver, improvement of residential environment, and community support for dementia are needed.
The Global Financial Crisis (GEC) occurred in the summer of 2007, resulting in many countries being plunged into the worst recession since the 1930s. Public sector debt rose from 36.7 to 49.0% of GDP and the current budget deficit from 0.6 to 3.4% of GDP in a single year between 2007/08 and 2008/09 (Lupton et al 2016). Ellison (2016) argues that deficits are ‘normal’ in an historical and comparative sense, and once past the 2009/2010 peak associated with the bank bailouts, the deficit was not dramatically large by historical UK standards, nor unusually large in comparison with other developed economies (p. 30). He presents OECD figures which show that in 2010 the UK debt was some 87 % of GDP compared to (eg) around 47% in Australia and 54% in Denmark and 128% in Greece and 211% in Japan. However, the UK had one of the largest increases in national debt from 2007- 2013 with 222% compared to Spain’s 244%, and had the twentieth largest deficit as a percentage of GDP of some 200 nations. As in many other European Union (EU) nations, early Keynesian responses, often in the direction of welfare state expansion, gave way to austerity measures (Hermann 2014; van Kersbergen et al 2014; Saltkjel et al 2017; Taylor-Gooby et al 2017).
In the UK in 2010 a Labour government was replaced by a Conservative- Liberal Democrat Coalition, which was committed to deficit reduction which was linked more to reduced spending rather than increased taxes. The original aim to remove the deficit in a single parliament (by 2015) (Bochel and Powell 2016), but this date has been delayed many times, and it is far from clear if and when this will be achieved.
The 2015 Election saw a Conservative government with a small majority. As in 2010, the Conservative Manifesto stressed the need to reduce the national deficit and debt, with the period to achieve a budget surplus now given as 2018/19. This meant that total government spending as a share of national income at the end of the next parliament (ie 2020) was forecast to be very slightly higher than in the year 2000 (Bochel and Powell 2016)
The surprising vote to leave the EU in the 2016 Referendum led to the resignation of PM Cameron, who was replaced by former Home Secretary, Theresa May. In 2017, May unexpectedly called a General Election. However, the Conservative Manifesto was arguably the new ‘longest suicide note in history’. The weakest campaign by a PM in living memory, coupled with a Labour revival under Jeremy Corbyn led to a minority Conservative government. The period since the 2017 Election has seen little new in the way of social policy, with the Government becalmed and treading water, with most of its energies focused on ‘Brexit’
As medical technology keeps progressing, new medicines keep flooding into the market, among them an increasing number of drugs with significant therapeutic benefit in treating rare diseases and serious conditions like cancer. High-priced specialty medicines, including orphan drugs and anticancer agents, are expected to take up an increasing share of the global pharmaceutical market, from 30 percent in 2016 to 35 percent in 2021. These specialty drugs will account for a smaller, but still substantial, share of about 20 percent in the pharmaceutical market in Korea in 2021.
The 16th Korea Demography ForumDecember 19, 2017 - 9:30 a.m. to 12:20 p.m.Grand Ballroom (3rd Floor), Royal Hotel SeoulHosted by KIHASA Program9:00-9:30 Registration9:30-9:40 Opening Remarks by Sang-ho KIM, President, KIHASA9:40-11:10 Presentations 1: "Child Welfare and Social Investment Approach: Expectations and Issues," Hye Mee YOON, Professor, Chungbuk University 2: "Challenges and Directions of Integrated Support System Building for Child Welfare," Jung Hee RYU, Research Fellow, KIHASA 3: "The Issues and Challenges of Child Allowance Introduction," Jay KO, Research Fellow, KIHASA11:10-11:50 Panel Discussion, Hyung MO KIM, Professor of Kyunggi University, Jae Jin AHN, Professor of Gacheon University, Young CHOI, Professor of Chung Ang University11:50-12:20 General Discussion
The 2nd Colloquium of the Health and Social Welfare Review: Strengthening Public Accountability for Older Persons with DementiaDecember 8, 2017 - 1:30 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.Press Conference Room (19th Floor), Korea Press CenterHosted by the Editorial Board of the Health and Social Welfare Review & KIHASAWord of InvitationI am pleased to invite you to the 2nd Colloquium of the Health and Social Welfare Review in this season of looking back on the past year and forward to the new one.The Health and Social Welfare Review has thrived over the past 36 years since its first publication as the Journal of Population and Health Studies in 1981. It has published valuable papers on the theory and policy of population, health, and social welfare in Korea and introduced numerous policy proposals.Last year we hosted the first colloquium to find ways to make improvements in the Review. At the colloquium, we selected 4 excellent papers and awarded the authors for their creative thinking and pioneering work. Plenty of comments were made on the theories and methodologies presented by these researches, and suggestions made for future research directions.This year's colloquium will be focused on the policy aspect of public responsibility for older persons with dementia. Already, there are lively discussions going on about this issue and initiatives are being taken to find specific solutions. Thus it is high time academia made a concrete contribution. Also, we chose the theme partly because it is a theme that requires diverse perspectives from health, welfare, and economics, which reflects the interdisciplinary approach to social issues adopted by the Review.While the colloquium in 2016 was aimed at an academic progress, the one in the next month will serve as a venue for a creative and challenging policy debate. The synergy between academic and policy debates is one of the aims of the Review.My hope is that this colloquium will become a gathering for a vibrant discussion that will contribute to the theory and policy of health and social affairs.Lastly, I would like to thank all the contributors and reviewers of the Review, and those who have shared genuine interest and encouragement. Please join the colloquium and share your invaluable opinion.December 2017Kyung Hee JEONG, Editor-in-Chief, the Health and Social Welfare ReviewProgram13:30-14:00 Registration14:00-14:20 Congratulatory Remarks by PARK Neung Hoo, Minister, Ministry of Health and Welfare Congratulatory Remarks by KIM Sang-ho, President, KIHASA Opening Remarks by Kyung Hee JEONG, Editor-in-Chief, The Health and Social Welfare Review14:20-14:50 Keynote Presentation: 'Current Status of Dementia in Korea and National Accountability for Dementia' by KIM Ki Ung, Professor, SNU14:50-16:30 Presentation I: 'Diagnosis and Challenges of the Policy Response to Dementia' from the Perspective of Elderly Welfare Policy Presentation II: 'Diagnosis of and Suggestions for the Policy Response to Dementia' from the Perspective of Nursing by Presentation III: 'Estimatiing Socioeconomic Costs of Dementia and Prevention Strategy: Focused on Heal Insurance and Long-term Care' by Young Ho JEONG, Senior Research Fellow, KIHASA16:30-17:30 Panel Discussion17:30-18:00 General Discussion