We often emphasize the historical identity of the Korean people and express our interest in overseas Koreans scattered around the world. However, our such interest has not developed into comprehensive macro-perspective policies. The current policy on overseas Koreans is limited to labor supply and immigration-related affairs. To be sure, it is not that policies other countries have in place for their overseas residents have been always consistent and systematic. Historically, policies from other countries have also shown conflicting stances such as indifference, neglect and economic utilization. However, in a globalized world, it would be difficult to stay in a passive immigration policy regarding the entry and activities of overseas Koreans. It is necessary to support overseas Koreans to work and stay stably in our country, and to support them to live a more flourishing life in the country where they have settled and lived. It should be noted that overseas Koreans are closely connected between the two spaces: Korea and the countries where they have settled.
This means that studies of overseas Koreans need to be carried out in such a way as to connect the two spaces of their country and Korea. It is necessary to study the “life-world” of overseas Koreans in terms of international population movement or circulation between two spaces. The use of the term life-world here means that this study focuses on the labor, consumption and family of overseas Koreans. For example, we should pay attention to the way that overseas Koreans work in Korea to financially support their families in their naturalized countries. Some of them live in Korea with their families. In addition, such population movement may undermine the settlement base of overseas Koreans in the local country. Therefore, this study aims to examine the problem of overseas Koreans from the dynamic point of view : movement between their country and Korea.
However, little is known about the living conditions of overseas Koreans scattered around the world. Except for overseas Koreans in a few countries, little is known about the life-world of overseas Koreans living in many other countries. Moreover, few studies have compared the size, characteristics, and living conditions of overseas Koreans according to common research framework. This is because previous studies have analyzed overseas Koreans, focusing on one or two countries. In the absence of common research framework, it would be difficult to establish a more comprehensive policy for overseas Koreans.
This study was conducted as a multi-year pilot project to prepare an analysis framework for the study of living conditions of overseas Koreans. It suggests that we focused on presenting a research frame to analyze their living world in accordance with the dynamic view of international population movement. For this purpose, our study will examine the living conditions of Korean Chinese, which are the most widely distributed in Korea. But rather than writing their living world in a general context, we tried to focus on the problems that are occurring in China while they work in Korea. Regarding Korean Chinese, our interest is in the problem of poverty and senior citizens and children left behind in China. It means that despite the economic activity in Korea, many Korean Chinese have a lot of difficulties in supporting the families left behind in China. Therefore, we would like to examine how China's social policy is affecting the lives of Korean Chinese.
Part I focuses on presenting the direction and analysis framework of “Research on Overseas Koreans Living.” It defines key concepts such as overseas Koreans, summarizes the policy implications of other countries’ policies, and suggests future research directions. Chapter 2 is a theoretical review where we examine the concept of “overseas Koreans,” the theory of their migration and settlement, their policies and their support policies. By examining the history of the policy for overseas Koreans, we would like to suggest the future direction of the policy. Chapter 3 focuses on the historical changes and recent trends of the policies in Japan, China, and India. Chapter 4, titled “Directions and Tasks of Research on Living Conditions of Overseas Koreans,” presents the research direction, key objectives, and survey methods. In addition, as part of the basic analysis of the countries to be covered in the next several years of research, an overview of overseas Koreans in Russia, Central Asia, and Japan is provided.
In Part II, as part of a pilot study prior to a multi-year study, we would like to analyze the living conditions of Korean Chinese, focusing on their poverty problem. In Chapter 5, we examine in what context “China’s poverty policy”, which affects the lives of Korean Chinese, developed in what context. In Chapter 6, we reviewed the living conditions of Korean Chinese in Yanbian region. We focused on their demographic characteristics, minimum living security systems, leading populations and their medical problems. Lastly, Chapter 7, Living Status of Korean Chinese living in Korea, examined the living conditions of Korean Chinese who work in Korea. We looked at their living conditions in terms of population composition, aging, stratification, poverty, economic status of women workers, and social adaptation of youth. This shows that the life-world of Korean Chinese is dealt with in the circular movement or interrelationship between the two spaces of China (Yanbian) and Korea.
Chapter 8 concludes by presenting the overall research contents, and suggests the direction of follow-up research on overseas Koreans, and makes some suggestions regarding the policy on overseas Koreans.
As Korean society integrates more and more into the global village at large, the number of migrant children with Korean backgrounds and living outside Korea continues to grow. The double challenge of having to adapt to the new society and the new family environment complicates the prospects for these children growing into well-adapted and thriving citizens. This study sheds light on Korean migrant children who have returned, with their parents, to Yanbian in China and Vietnam - two major places of origin for many marriage immigrants.
Work stimulates individuals as social beings and provides them with economic viability in a modern society. However, relatively little literature has been published that addresses happiness and multidimensional poverty among workers as a policy target group. This study was aimed at identifying and comparing the differences in life satisfaction, happiness, and multidimensional poverty across workers. We also examined the effects of multidimensional poverty on the life satisfaction of workers. To extract multidimensional poverty effects across status in employment, we categorized observations into four groups: regular employees, non-regular employees, self-employed with employees, and self-employed without employees. This study used data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study conducted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (2007-2018). The findings include the following. First, with respect to life satisfaction and multidimensional poverty, non-regular employees and self-employed without employees fared worse than regular employees and self-employed with employees. Second, multidimensional poverty lowered the life satisfaction of workers. Self-employed with and without employees were more vulnerable than regular and non-regular employees especially with respect to the domain of social security. Together with these findings, we identify the effectiveness of the multidimensional poverty frame to improve happiness of workers and discover hidden vulnerable population. These provide policy makers with evidence to expand public policy targets to workers, especially including the self-employed.
The 23rd Global Social Security Forum: The Challenges and Role of Poverty Policy: Brazil and the UK's Experience in Focus11 December 2019 - 1:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.Brahams Hall(19th Floor), Hotel President, SeoulHosted by Sejong Welfare Foundation and the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs Program 13:00-13:20 Registration 13:20-14:00 Presentation: Poverty and Anti-Poverty Policy in the UK, David Gordon, Professor, University of Bristol 14:00-14:30 Presentation: The Impact of Universal Credit on the Debts of the Poor in the UK, Rod Hick, Professor, Cardiff University 14:30-15:00 Discussion Moderator: Moon Jin-Young, Professor, Sogang University Discussants: Kim, Ki-tae, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA; Jung Yun-Tae, Senior Research Fellow, Sejong Welfare Foundation; Choi Young Jun, Professor, Yonsei University 15:00-15:30 Coffee Break 15:30-16:00 Presentation: Brizilian Poverty Policy, Ana Paula Matias, Directory Technical Advisor, National Secretariat for the Promotion of Human Development 16:00-16:30 Presentation: Social Protection and Family Benefit in Brazil, Joana Mostafa, Research Specialist, Institute for Applied Economic Research of the Federal Government of Brazil 16:30-17:00 Presentation: History of Social Security in Brazil, Martene Santos, Professor, University of Brasilia 17:00-17:30 Discussion Moderator: Lee Chang Gon, President, Hankyoreh Economy & Society Research Institute Discussants: Kwak Yoonkyung, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA; Won Il, Research Fellow, Sejong Weflare Foundation; Lee Jeong-Hee, Research Fellow, Korea Labor Institute
The 5th Inclusive Welfare Forum: Income Distribution Trends and the Challenges Facing the Inclusive StateNoori Ballroom II(6th Floor), Four Seasons Hotel, SeoulHoted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs Program 10:00-10:30 Registration 10:30-12:00 Morning Session Moderator: Nam Chan Seop, Vice Chair, Korea Association of Social Welfare Policy Presentation: Income Distribution Trends in Japan and Their Implications for Korea, Lee Kang Kuk, Professor, Ritsumeikan University Presentation: Income Distribution Trends and the Directions of Redistribution Policy, Choo Byung Ki, Professor, Seoul National University Discussants: Lee Seung Yoon, Professor, Ewha Womans University; Lee Won Jin, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA; Choi Yoo Seok, Professor, Hallim University 12:00-13:30 Lunch 13:30-14:00 Opening Remarks: Cho Heung-seek, President, KIHASA Congratulatory Remarks: Park Neung-hoo, Minister of Health and Welfare; Kim Yeon Myung, Chief Social Policy Advisor, Office of the President 14:00-14:50 Keynote Speech Conditions for Sustainable Inclusive Policy: the Nordic Model, Choi Yeon Hyuk, Professor, Linnaeus University, Sweden 14:50-15:10 Coffee Break 15:10-16:40 Afternoon Session Moderator: Seok Jae Eun, Chair, Korea Association of Social Welfare Policy Presentation: Inequality in the UK: the Limitations of the Selective Welfare State, Jeong Hee Jeong, Kent University, UK Presentation: Diagnosing Innovative Inclusive State: the Future Direction of Social Policy , Choi Young Joon, Yonsei University Discussants: Choi Han Soo, Professor, Kyungbook National University; Kim Ki Tae, Associate Research Fellow, KIHASA, Kim Jin Wook, Professor, Seogang University 16:40-16:50Coffee Break 16:50-18:00Wrap-up Discussion