The elderly are severely exposed to risk of poor cognitive function and depression due to lack of cognitive stimulation and loss of self-satisfaction. Depression and cognitive decline in middle and old aged people are not only detrimental to the quality of life of individuals, but also cause a great burden on family and society. Nevertheless, their depression and cognitive decline are recognized as natural aging, and they do not have clear symptoms, so they are not aware of the seriousness of their symptoms, and their awareness and preparation for prevention are insufficient. As the aging rapidly progresses, the role of the medical sector to maintain and promote the mental health and cognitive function of the middle and old aged people, and the need for prevention as well as post-treatment are increasing. Therefore, this study examines the changes of mental health and cognitive function and factors of change after retirement of the elderly who are currently retiring. This study is to provide basic evidence the development of policies to support healthy aging in terms of prevention to maintain and promote mental health and cognitive abilities of middle and old aged people.
Since the implementation of community care as a key policy agenda, tailoring services to older people’s needs has become an important issue in Korea. The purpose of the study is to explore whether the provision of services of the medical, public health, and social care has been adequate and, the services have been coordinated properly according to the needs of older people in terms of continuum of care. The study adopted literature review method and conducted a number of interviews. It is found that there are significant limitations to meet the needs of older people owing to the inadequate tailoring services to their needs and the lack of coordination of adequate services for them. Specifically, a proper medical delivery system has not been established at the local level to prevent and manage chronic diseases. Home visiting services are provided mainly to the poor by public health centers. and home nursing services have been insufficient and there has been a chronic shortage of nursing staff in the public health sector. The low-skilled services such as house chores have been provided mainly and the amounts of benefits are inadequate to meet the needs of older people at the social welfare sector. Moreover, the coordination of services between and among the medical, public health, and social care sectors has been limited owing to the profit-seeking behavior of service providers, the fragmented service delivery systems, and the lack of the coordinating role of governments.
In the Netherlands, there has been a shift away from a traditional welfare state towards a 'participation society.' This shift is evident in Duth social policy discourse and development, with an emphasis on individuals' self-reliance and responsibility in an inclusive society. This article offers an alternative approach for evaluating this shift: a capability approach to social policy. Taking a capability approach highlights two key critiques with the 'participation society': 1) it emphasizes paid work as the primary form of participation, thereby ignoring other valued and/or valuable forms of societal participation; and 2) not everyone is equally capable of participating in paid employment given varying individual circumstances, embedded in the broader societal context of the Netherlands.
The 1st International Symposium on Strengthening Health Care Publicness: Current State and Challenges of Home Health Care in Korea and JapanWednesday, 27 March 2019 - 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.SNU Center for Medical InnocationCo-hosted by SNUH and KIHASACo-organized by the SNU Hospital Public Health Medical Service and KIHASA Program13:30-14:00 Registration14:00-14:05 Opening Remarks by SUH Chang-Suk, President & CEO, Seoul National University Hospital14:05-14:10 Group Picture Taking14:10-14:55 Understanding Home Health Care in Japan and Its Professional Workforce Traning presented by Yamanata Takashi, Professor, Tokyo University Mecical School14:55-15:05 Coffee Break15:05-15:50 Current State and Future Development of Japan's Home Health Care presented by Ishigaki Yasnori, President, Japan Home Health Academy15:50-16:00 Coffee Break16:00-16:30 Current State and Future Development of Korea's Home Health Care presented by KWON Yong Jin, CEO, SNU Hospital Public Health Medical Service16:30-17:00 Panel Discussion
The 20th Global Social Security Forum - Historical Comparison of Korea, China and Japan's Poverty PoliciesThursday, 14 March 2019 - 1:30 p.m. to 6:20 p.m.Ivy Hall(19th Floor), President Hotel Seoul Program13:30-14:00 Registration14:00-14:30 Opening Remarks by CHO Heung-seek, President of KIHASA14:30-15:30 Presentation: How Was the Chosun Dynasty's Poverty Policy Different from Those of China and Japan? by PARK Gwang Jun, Professor, Bukyo University, Japan15:30-17:00 Discussion on Different Methodologies17:00-17:20 Coffee Break17:20-18:00 Wrap-up Discussion