『보건복지포럼』통권 제278호 발간2019.12
수시 발생하는 정책현안에 대하여 정부부처 등 요구와 자체판단에 의하여 정책대안 중심으로 작성한 보고서입니다.
Migrant Children: A Qualitative Study on Korean-Chinese and Korean-Vietnamese Children Returning to Their Mothers’ Homelands
Machine Learning-Based Techniques of Anomaly Detection - As Applied to Health and Welfare Data
The Effect of Income Support for the Households with Children on Redistribution of Income
The purpose of this study is to analyze and determine the income-redistributing effects of income support policy programs for households with children in Korea. To this end, we analyzed the raw data of the Korean Welfare Panel Surveys and identified the redistribution effects of four specific income support programs for households with children: The Childcare Service Voucher (CSV), Home Care Allowance (HCA), Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit (CTC).
Our analysis reveals that the CSV has been most effective in reducing inequality. The relative extents of the inequality-reducing effects of individual programs likely reflect the scopes of those programs. Together with these findings, academic and policy implications are discussed.
Development Trajectory and Future Direction of the Welfare State in Korea
This study attempt to summarize the trajectory and achievements of the Korean welfare state since the days of democratization and the Asian Financial Crisis, and to discuss the path-dependent nature and limitations of such evolution, with a view to finding policy implications for the future growth of the Korean welfare state.
Social Cohesion: Current Issues and Countermeasures ？ Part V Social Conflicts and Social Cohesion
The report is an outcome of the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (KIHASA)’s Social Cohesion Policy Assessment Program (SCPAP). We report on the main characteristics of Koreans’s Social Conflicts such as gender conflict, generation conflict, based on the Survey on Social Conflicts and Social Cohesion, Which interviewed a total of 3,873 men and women across Korea using a structured questionnaire.
A Study of the Improvement of Health Rights for People with Disabilities
People with disabilities have the right to optimum health and protection, the right not to be discriminated against, on the basis of their disabilities, in health and medical services, and the right to equal access to medical care along with people without disabilities.
Active policy measures are needed to protect the right to health of people with disabilities by enhancing the accountability of related programs and enabling people with disabilities to overcome discrimination in relation to health in their local communities.
A Comprehensive Analysis of Social Service Security in Korea
This report provides a comprehensive analysis of Korea’s social service security from the policy and user’s perspectives. The security of social service is examined in terms of the inclusiveness of target population and program scopes, breadth and depth of services, and the need satisfaction rate.Our analysis affirms the disparities in the security of social services among different age groups and needs. The need satisfaction rates remain low across service programs for all functions. The policy implications are provided regarding for what needs social services are to be increased more and for whom and how the services should be strengthened.
One Decade of Health Impact Assessment Development in South Korea: Characteristics of Health Impact Assessment for Central and Local Government Policies
HIA programs have helped deepen the public’s understanding of health impacts and promote debates on ways to improve policies. As local governments in Korea step up their efforts to incorporate health impact assessment into all their policy initiatives with the goal of transforming their jurisdictions into healthy cities, it is important for the central government to expand the scope and reachof its HIA Technical Support Program.Our study confirms the need for more in-depth review of health impact factors with respect to groups that are at greater risk of health hazards, including stroller users, people with disabilities, and children. HIA programs can enhance decision makers and stakeholders’ participation and capabilities for public health.
2018 National Survey on Fertility, Family Health and Welfare
The National Survey on Fertility, Family Health and Welfare (NSFFHW) has been conducted since 1960, and it asks the marital status, pregnancy and childbirth histories, and childcare behaviors of Korean women of childbearing age (15 to 49) and the marriage- and childbirth-related behaviors and attitudes of unmarried men and women aged 20 to 44 across Korea. 2018 NSFFHW, which was conducted for the 24th time in 2018, is also identified as Official Statistics Survey No. 331001.
The survey results demonstrate that married women increasingly perceive having and raising children as burdensome. Specifically, the financial burdens of raising and educating children and the challenges of maintaining work-life balance are the major factors significantly inhibiting childbirth. Greater efforts should be made to establish a culture in which it is safe to have and raise children, individuals’ choices are respected, gender roles are more equal, and families are respected and protected.